Judaism and Christianity
Judaism is one of the oldest religions whose founder is Abraham. Judaism teaches its followers that there is one Supreme Being, Yahweh, who called the founder Abraham. Yahweh gave Judaism believers a law to govern their actions and interactions. Judaism’s scriptures consist of the law (Torah), writings and prophets. These scriptures form the old testament of the bible. Christianity started with Jesus Christ. The religion proclaims one God who manifests in three distinct but equally powerful persons, that is, the Father, Son and Holy Spirit. Christianity embraces both the new and old testaments of the bible. Although Judaism and Christianity have several common beliefs and scriptures, both religions disagree on some beliefs and practices.
Similarities between Judaism and Christianity
Judaism and Christianity share some beliefs. Both religions believe in one supreme God and the teachings in the Old Testament. Both religions believe in the power of the Holy Spirit even though Judaism does not consider the Holy Spirit as equal with God. Both Christianity and Judaism teach about sin and its eternal punishment in hell. Traditional Judaism teachings emphasize eternal punishment for sin but modern Judaism emphasizes on temporal punishment for sins. Both Jews and Christians believe in a promised Messiah who would save the world from its sin.
Differences between Judaism and Christianity
Judaism is different from Christianity in many ways. Christianity was founded on Jesus Christ and his teachings. Christians believe that Jesus Christ was the promised Messiah while Judaism disregards this belief. Jews believe that Jesus Christ was just an ordinary Jew and not a messiah or a supreme being. Another difference between Judaism and Christianity is that Judaism does not acknowledge the teachings in the New Testament. These teachings form the foundation of Christianity. Christians believe that Jesus Christ is the son of God whose death reconciled man to God. Judaism disagrees with this belief and do not value Jesus Christ’s mission on earth.
Jews believe that Jesus Christ died for his claims to divinity. He did not die to save humanity as Christians claim. Christianity considers the Holy Spirit as one of the persons of God. Judaism on the other hand considers the Holy Spirit as some divine power given to prophets in the Old Testament. Judaism teaches that prayer and repentance on the Day of Atonement achieve atonement for sin. Christianity teaches that the death of Jesus Christ was the atonement for all sin. Another difference between the two religions is that Judaism teaches salvation through good works while Christianity teaches salvation through faith in Jesus Christ.
Compare and Contrast Judaism and Christianity Essay
734 WordsDec 4th, 20123 Pages
Compare and Contrast Judaism and Christianity Judaism and Christianity are key religions in the history of our world, and are still around today. Both of these religions are monotheistic, believing in only YHWH, the God of Abraham. However, if we look deeper, there are many more similarities and differences in these two religions. Some things that are comparable are their political figures, their holy works, and social beliefs. The first thing that was necessary to having a successful religion was figures to lead the way. For Jews, these began as “Judges”, or leaders that took charge during difficult times. These judges eventually became kings, and for 3 generations, King Saul, David, and Solomon were the top figures of Judaism. For…show more content…
The Holy Bible is a book comprised of many parts, chapters, and verses. There are 66 books in the bible; the first 39 books are called the Old Testament. Written in Hebrew, it focuses on the prophecies of the coming savior. The remaining 27 books, the New Testament, are centered on the life of Jesus and his teachings. A similarity in the TaNaKh and the Holy Bible is the presence of the Torah. The Torah, in addition to being the first part of the TaNaKh, is actually the first 5 books of the Bible (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy). Because the Christians, unlike the Jews, had no official language, they wrote and spoke in Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek, or Latin. These holy books were important to these religions so their beliefs and traditions could be passed down to future generations. Finally, Jews and Christians interacted differently in their society. First, eating habits differed in both religions. Jews participate in kashrut, a diet that restricts eating any animal without cloven hooves or scales. Christians, however, don’t have any specific dietary laws to follow. Another difference is the significance of Passover, a 7-8 day Jewish holiday. During Passover, Jews celebrate the exodus out of Egypt by eating special meals, performing rituals, and praying. Christians have changed the Passover meal to a celebration of the Last Supper, or Jesus’ last meal before his crucifixion. Finally, a similarity in the Jewish and Christian society is the